Thu, 05-16-2013 11:36 WIB
General Syllabus in New Curriculum of Elementary, Middle, and High Schools
By : the Information Desk
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Government Regulations Number 32 of 2013 signed by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on May 7, 2013, also inserted special article about Curriculum which placed in Article XIA. There are some articles relating to Curriculum which were inserted between Article 77 and Article 78 Government Regulations Number 19 of 2005 they are from Article 77A until Articel 77Q.

 It is mentioned that in Government Regulations, the Curriculum Basic Framework consists of basic of physiologic, sociologic, psycho pedagogic, and jurisdiction according to Education National Standard. The Curriculum Basic Framework is used as: a. Reference in Curriculum Structure Development in national level; b. Reference in Local Content Development in local level; and c. Guidance in Curriculum Development in Education Unit Level.

“The Curriculum Structure is the organizing of Main Competence, Basic Competence, Learning Content, subject, and learning load in every education unit and educational program,” it is written in Article 77B verse (1) Government Regulation Number 32 of 2013.

According to this Government Regulations, the formal Curriculum Structure of Early Childhood Education consists of children’s personal development program; Curriculum Structure for basic education unit comprises general content; for middle education consists of: a. General Content, b. Academic Interest Content, c. Vocational Interest Content, and d. Cross-interest option content/ deepening interest.

“General content as referred consists of national content for educational unit and local content for educational unit in accordance with potency and local uniqueness,” it is written in Article 77B verse (9) of Government Regulation.

Curriculum Structure of Early Childhood Education, Elementary School, and Middle School

This Government Regulations explained the formal Curriculum Structure of Early Childhood Education which consists of the development programs of religious and moral value, motor, cognitive, language, social-emotional, and art. Further provisions concerning to Curriculum Structure of Early Childhood Education regulated in Decree of Minister of Education and Culture Affairs.

Meanwhile the Curriculum Structure of Elementary School/MI, Extraordinary Elementary School or the other equivalent form which consists of: a. Religious Education; b. Nationality Education; c. Language; d. Mathematic; e. Natural Science; f. Social Science; g. Art and Culture; h. Physical and sports education; i. Skills/ vocational; and j. Local content.

“The content as referred may be organized in one or more subjects in accordance with the need of educational unit and program,” it is affirmed in Article 77I verse (2) of Government Regulations Number 32 of 2013.

As for Curriculum Structure of Middle School/MTs/ Extra Ordinary Middle School or the other equivalent form which consists of: a. Religious Education; b. Nationality Education; c. Language; d. Mathematic; e. Natural Science; f. Social Science; g. Art and Culture; h. Physical and sports education; i. Skills/ vocational; and j. Local content.

 "The further regulation regarding to Curriculum Structure of Middle School/MTs/ Extra Ordinary Middle School or the other form is regulated in Ministerial Decree,” it is written in Article77J verse (3) of this Government Regulations.

Middle School

The Article 77K of this Government Regulations mentioned that middle education curriculum consists of: a. General Content of High School/MA, b. Extra Ordinary High School and Vocational High School/MK, c. Cross-interest option content/ deepening interest for High School/ MA, Extra Ordinary High School, d. Vocational Interest Content for High School/ MK; and e. Cross-interest option content/ deepening interest for Vocational High School/MAK.

The general content for high school/MA, Extra Ordinary High School and Vocational High School/MK consists of: a. Religious Education; b. Nationality Education; c. Language; d. Mathematic; e. Natural Science; f. Social Science; g. Art and Culture; h. Physical and sports education; i. Skills/ vocational; and j. Local content.

“The content as referred may be organized in one or more subjects in accordance with the need of educational unit and program,” it is affirmed in Article 77K verse (3) of Government Regulations Number 32 of 2013.

The academic interest content of High School/MA or the other equivalent form which consists of: a. Mathematics and Natural Science; b. Social Science; c. Art and Culture; or d. other interest.

Meanwhile the vocational interest content of Vocational High School/MK or other equivalent form consists of: a. Technology and engineering; b. Health; c. Art, craft, and tourism; d. Information and communication technology; e. Agribusiness and agro technology; f. Business and management; g. Fishery and marine; and h. the other interest that needed by public.

“The further regulation regarding to Curriculum Structure of Middle School/MTs/ Extra Ordinary Middle School or the other form is regulated in Ministerial Decree,” it is written in Article 77J verse (3) of this Government Regulations.

Specifically about No formal Education Curriculum Structure, according to the Government Regulations, it consists of development of life skills that include functional skills, attitudes, and professional personality, and independent entrepreneurial spirit, as well as competence in a particular field.

This Government Regulations explains that Elementary and Middle Education Unit adjust with the rules of the Government Regulations not more than 7 (seven) years. As for the education qualification standard that referred in Article 29 is validated fully effective within 7 (seven) years since the Government Regulation is stipulated. The Government Regulation was validated since the date determined, May 7, 2013. (Pusdatin/ES) (SL)