Indonesia Among the Rising South in 2013 Human Development Report
18 March 2013 oleh
Indonesia shows a notable increase on the Human Development Index, according to figures released in the United Nation’s 2013 Human Development Report (HDR) from the UN Development Programme (UNDP). The report notes that Indonesia is among other notable cases from the Global South—or, developing countries—which have performed particularly well. In what they call “the rise of the South”, the UNDP also includes Brazil, China, India, South Africa, and Turkey alongside Indonesia in referring to well performing countries. The report was launched on 14th March 2013.
The report also states that there is a significant increase in economic output by the Global South. GDP of major developing countries rise significantly since the 90s that they can now rival the US, which remains the world’s largest economy. Today, the South produces about half of world economic output.
The report further mentions Indonesia as high achiever in other areas, namely health and education. This achievement is measured relative to other countries at comparable levels of development. Additionally, the 2013 HDR also observes Indonesia’s innovative social policy and greater economic outreach as an important driver of its development.
Prior to the publication of 2013 HDR, President SBY delivered a presentation on Indonesia’s rising role, while onboard Garuda 01, March 8th, 2013. The presentation notes Indonesia’s new position of prominence in both regional and international level. He maintained that Indonesia has become a major regional player and should be able to determine and shape the environment of its region.
Furthermore, the President also called for development which aims for a strong, balanced, sustainable, and inclusive growth. He holds an optimistic projection where Indonesia can provide evidence for its continuing success.
Human Development Report publishes a rank of countries based on composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices. The first global HDR was published in 1990. From 1990 to 2011, there were 21 global reports and more than 700 national and regional reports produced in over 135 countries and regions. The full report can be downloaded on UNDP’s website.